Main Entry: civ·il

Pronunciation: 'si-v&l

Function: adjective

Etymology: Middle English, from Middle French, from Latin civilis, 

from civis

Date: 14th century

1 a : of or relating to citizens b : of or relating to the state or 

its citizenry

2 a : CIVILIZED  b : adequate in courtesy and 

politeness : MANNERLY

3 a : of, relating to, or based on civil law b : relating to private 

rights and to remedies sought by action or suit distinct from 

criminal proceedings c : established by law

4 : of, relating to, or involving the general public, their 

activities, needs, or ways, or civic affairs as distinguished

from special (as military or religious) affairs

5 of time : based on the mean sun and legally recognized for use in 

ordinary affairs


of the forms required by good breeding. CIVIL often suggests little 

more than the avoidance of overt rudeness . POLITE commonly implies polish of speech and manners 

and sometimes suggests an absence of cordiality . COURTEOUS implies more actively 

considerate or dignified politeness . GALLANT and CHIVALROUS imply courteous 

attentiveness especially to women. GALLANT suggests spirited and 

dashing behavior and ornate expressions of courtesy . CHIVALROUS suggests high-minded and self-

sacrificing behavior . 

1) Sisters and mothers are afraid to take the bus when young men can't even be civil in public places.
2) Malaysia went several hundreds years back in the cause of creating a civil society when newspapers and TV news went on "liwat" and character defamation hysteria